Medical cannabis and cannabinoids
The consumer market generally classifies cannabis oils and strains as dominant CBD or THC depending on whether they contain a higher proportion of CBD or THC. But in the cannabis plant there are other important cannabinoids, such as cannabigerol (CBG) and cannabinol (CBN), which in the future can play an increasingly relevant role in the development of standardized formulations. Currently, more than 80 different cannabinoids have been identified, a number that continues to grow as the investigation progresses.
Generally speaking, there is a natural inverse relationship between CBD and THC, which means that as CBD levels increase, THC levels decrease and vice versa. This is the reason why most cannabis strains have dominant levels of CBD or THC.
These two cannabinoids are found in the resin secreted by the glands of the cannabis plant (trichomes) and are the most widely researched and known cannabis active ingredients. Cannabinoids activate receptors of the endocannabinoid system (cannabinoid receptors in the human nervous system and the immune system) to produce their effects.
It is considered that both CBD and THC are more effective in treating a wide range of medical problems when consumed together, along with the many other cannabinoids and hundreds of terpenoids extractable from the cannabis plant that contribute with their own effects.
The Δ-9-Tetrahidrocannabinol, commonly known as THC, is the most important and abundant psychoactive component (produces altered perception and mood modification) in cannabis strains classified precisely as psychoactive.
THC helps in the treatment of diseases that are associated with muscle stiffness such as Parkinson’s and Multiple Sclerosis, chronic pain of different causes, particularly neuropathic, metastatic pain and secondary to arthrosis, accompaniment of chemotherapy and antitumor treatment associated with other oncological treatments.
Cannabidiol, also known as CBD is one of the two most important cannabinoid components of the cannabis plant. The CBD has a multitude of valuable medical benefits, which are imparted without the psychoactive effect of THC, and even antagonizes its psychotropic effects.
Cannabis rich in CBD is used to treat disorders that include inflammation, pain (especially neuropathic pain), anxiety, autism, psychosis, spasticity, accompaniment of chemotherapy and other conditions.